We need more cops

Posted: 16 Jun 2014 10:57 PM PDT

With a population of 30 million and about 5 million foreigners, every cop has to safeguard 3,600 people. In many develop and developed countries, the ratio is 1:300.

When Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak took over from Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in 2009, beefing up the police force, multiply its intake and revise the salary scheme was among his agenda. PDRM, he said must possess the right number of personnel and equipment.

Yes, there were improvements to salary, perks and facilities but new recruitment was very slow. Over the past five years, only about 5,000 new personnel were added to make it 115,000 today - not even 5 per cent of the population.

At Bernama last night, Home Minister Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi said PDRM was facing stiffer and bitter challenges due to lack of personnel on the back of notorious crime such as kidnappings, rapes, drug cartel, murders and armed robbery.

Most challenging is the 1,400km shore of Sabah under Esscom.

The latest kidnappings undermine our security and surveillance, hence demanding us to consider available options to tackle it.
Security in the Eastern Sabah Security Command (ESSCom) areas not only depends on the assets and personnel of the ESSCom, but should also involve cooperation in terms of intelligence with the Philippines.
Home Minister, Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi said the existence of the ESSCom should never be disputed, but it should enhance intelligence cooperation with the Philippines to avoid any form of crime in the area.
"We should not depend on upgrading our assets and equipment alone, but we have to strenghthen our intelligence networking with the government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP).
 "As their aim is to collect ransom, they will continue to carry out such activities. I know the culture of this group is to take revenge and make this as a source of earning an income.
"So, I feel that ESSCom must be more prepared in taking any action and never be complacent in carrying out their operations. I'm confident this can be done by ESSCom officers, particularly the military taking over the leadership in ESSCom operations," he said.
To boost Esscom, plans are afoot to equip it with more patrol boats and sophisticated weapons. However, it may take time and since the government is facing budget constraint, PDRM and the armed forces (ATM) are tasked with joint-effort to supervise the area.

Of course there are weaknesses but the government, Zahid said will not compromise on national security.

"Yes, there are weaknesses and constraint but I would like to reassure Malaysians that we will do our level best to keep their kampungs safe as possible. Please trust our security forces and cooperate with them."
Abductions in Sabah may have an even more adverse effect on tourism compared to the MH370 tragedy, Tourism and Culture Minister Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz told Parliament today.
He was replying a supplementary question from Gombak MP Azmin Ali, who was asking about the impact of recent abductions off the east coast of Sabah on tourism.
"What he (Azmin) said is right, the perception of the Sabah cases is worse than the MH370 tragedy. That is why 10 flights by Malaysia Airlines from Shanghai to Kota Kinabalu have been cancelled," Nazri said.
In addition, 22 flights from Shenzhen to Kota Kinabalu have been cancelled by China Southern Airlines, while 44 low cost carrier flights from Shanghai to Kota Kinabalu had also suffered similarly.

MH370: Are we looking at the right place?

Posted: 16 Jun 2014 12:35 AM PDT

While former PM Tun Mahathir Mohamad believes the US and its FBI and CIA knew what actually happened to Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, others came up with so many theories.

There are also books published on the incident, that the 'tragedy' was well-planned. A movie was also in the making.

And here, Bernama produced an analysis on MH370, just 100 days after it went missing on March 8.

By Ismail Amsyar Mohd Said and Mohd Faizal Hassan

KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama) -- It has been more than one- hundred days now since Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 went missing and to this day the fate of the plane and its 227 passengers and 12 crew remains a mystery.

Sunday, June 15, marked the 100th day of the plane's disappearance with much of the search operations led by Australia remain focused in the Southern Indian Ocean.

That part of the ocean has never witnessed a buzz of sea and air activities at the height of the search operations, as ships and planes scoured for the Boeing 777-200ER jetliner, after Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak announced on March 24 that the plane's flight path had ended there.

Every spotted debris, that gave rise to initial hopes of finding the plane, were analysed and verified. Unfortunately, they were all ruled out as being from the missing plane.

The mystery of the ill-fated plane deepened after the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) on May 29 discounted the vicinity of the four acoustic detections recorded by Bluefin-21 in that area.

The acoustic detection recorded on April 5 and 8 was initially said to be from the plane's black-box and provided some hope in deciphering what may have transpired onboard. Flight MH370 was enroute to Beijing, China on March 8 when it lost contact with ground one hour into flight.


Finding the plane in the world's third largest ocean is like looking for a needle in the haystack. More than anything else, one may ask whether the authorities involved are looking at the right place? Thus, is it imperative to continue the search in the Southern Indian Ocean based on the data provided by satellite owner and operator, Inmarsat?

New York-based CNN Aviation Analyst and science journalist, Jeff Wise in an email interview with Bernama provided some insight into the data provided by Inmarsat based on the pings received by the satellites.

He began by saying the frequency that the electronic "pings" were received at, were not quite what they should have been, given all that Inmarsat knew about the system.

"They were able to calculate that the discrepancy was due to the fact that the satellite's orbit had a slight wobble to it. The amount that this (wobble) changed the transmission frequency matched a plane in the southern hemisphere, but not the northern hemisphere", he said.

He explained this further in his article, "Where The Missing Plane Went", published in the 'Slate', a United States English language online current affairs and culture magazine, in which he said in the case of MH370, the satellite communication equipment was programmed to assume that the Inmarsat satellite was orbiting over a fixed position at the equator.

However, in fact, its orbit has a slight wobble. During the hours the plane went missing, the satellite was above the equator, moving first north, and then south with increasing speed. This error in calculating the satellite's position means that the plane's electronics failed to correctly compensate for its own velocity", he said.


Wise said that the easier way to understand the nature of the Inmarsat data is to imagine that a drunken man taking a motorboat and going around on a pond in a thick fog.

You're standing on the shore and want to know where he is. You have a foghorn, and that every time you blast it, he immediately blasts his foghorn in reply.

The sound of his foghorn tells you two things. First, knowing the speed of sound and the man's reaction time, you can work out how far away he is by how long long it takes for you to hear his foghorn blast.

"You won't know his exact location, but you'll know the radius of an arc that he is in. In the case of the Inmarsat data, this would correspond to the so-called ping rings, the final one being the famous northern and southern arcs", he explained.

According to Wise, the second clue that can be gleaned from the man's foghorn is the frequency of the sound, which will tell whether he's going away from or coming toward the shore.

This, he said, is thanks to the Doppler Effect, the same phenomenon that makes a train whistle sound higher-pitched when it's coming closer and then suddenly lower once it zooms past.

"If you know the original frequency of the man's foghorn, the difference between that and the pitch of the sound you receive will let you determine his speed, whether he is moving closer or further away, but not his total velocity. In the case of MH370, the equivalent data is called burst frequency offset (BFO)", he noted.


"Understanding all this, we can at last make sense of the mysterious BFO chart, which the authorities did not include any BFO or ping timing numbers when they released their report on March 25.

"Essentially, if we derive the distances from the timing offset, and the instantaneous speeds from the frequency offset, we have two solid sets of clues as to how the plane was moving", he noted.

According to Wise, just after the plane disappeared from radar, the plane's position error would have made a northbound plane's transmission frequency too high, then after a few hours the satellite velocity error would have made it too low.

Conversely, he said, in the early hours after its disappearance, position error would have made a southbound plane's frequency too low, but then satellite velocity error would have gradually made it get higher.

"Because the satellite's velocity error becomes so dominant toward the end of the flight, and because that error varies strongly with the latitude at which the plane happened to be, the BFO value basically tells you where along the final 'ping arc' the plane was when it neared the end of its flight.

"And this, we can assume, is why the authorities have been searching the particular stretch of ocean they're looking at now", he added.

Thus, with the available data, and for the time being, the Southern Indian Ocean corridor is the right place to look for the plane.

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